De Rotterdam is conceived as a vertical city: three interconnected mixed-use towers accommodating offices, apartments, a hotel, conference facilities, shops, restaurants, and cafes. The project began in 1997. Construction started at the end of 2009, with completion in 2013. The towers are part of the ongoing redevelopment of the old harbour district of Wilhelminapier, next to the Erasmus Bridge, and aim to reinstate the vibrant urban activity – trade, transport, leisure – once familiar to the neighbourhood. De Rotterdam is named after one of the ships on the Holland America Line, which departed from the Wilhelminapier in decades past, carrying thousands of Europeans emigrating to the US.

Courtesy of OMA - Photography: Richard John Seymour

Courtesy of OMA – Photography: Richard John Seymour

The three towers reach 150m high, with a gross floor area of approximately 162,000m2, making De Rotterdam the largest building in the Netherlands. OMA’s architectural concept produces more than sheer size: urban density and diversity – both in the program and the form – are the guiding principles of the project. De Rotterdam’s stacked towers are arranged in a subtly irregular cluster that refuses to resolve into a singular form

Courtesy of OMA - Photography: Philippe Ruault

Courtesy of OMA – Photography: Philippe Ruault

and produces intriguing new views from different perspectives. Similarly, the definition of the building changes according to its multiple uses internally.

Courtesy of OMA - Photography: Michel van de Kar

Courtesy of OMA – Photography: Michel van de Kar

The various programs of this urban complex are organized into distinct blocks, providing both clarity and synergy: residents and office workers alike can use the fitness facilities, restaurants, and conference rooms of the hotel. And these private users of the building have contact with the general public on the ground floor, with its waterfront cafes. The lobbies for the offices, hotel, and apartments are located in the plinth – a long elevated hall that serves as a general traffic hub for De Rotterdam’s wide variety of users.

Courtesy of OMA - Photography: Ossip van Duivenbode

Courtesy of OMA – Photography: Ossip van Duivenbode

Project Info:
Architects: OMA Architects
Location: Netherlands,Rotterdam
Discipline: Architecture
Program: Commercials/Industrials
Construction year: 2013
Photographer: Richard John Seymour,Ossip van Duivenbode, Philippe Ruault,Michel van de Kar,Charlie Koolhaas,

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